10 Stunning Hormone Yoga Poses for Menopause

fact-checked article based on studies

Hormone Yoga | Hormonal System | Menopause | Benefits | Poses | Conclusion | FAQ | Studies

Although hormone yoga therapy is a new term, these exercises have long benefited women before and after menopause.

Intermittent Fasting 16/8 for Women Book

I think hormone yoga is the ideal complement to short, intense menopausal fitness exercises.

In this article, find out why, how it balances your hormones, and how to practice a customized hormone yoga flow.

What Is Hormone Yoga Therapy?

Hormone yoga is a therapeutic form of yoga. It focuses on glands and organs influencing hormone production.

Combined with breathing exercises, Tibetan energy guidance, and meditation, these yoga exercises aim to balance hormones.

The term hormone yoga therapy was invented in 1992 by Brazilian philosopher and psychologist Dinah Rodrigues.

However, the exercises used for hormone yoga are not a novelty. They are traditional poses, breathing, and relaxation exercises.

I’ll best explain why hormone yoga is a holistic approach using the hormonal system as an example.

How Does Yoga Affect Hormone Balance?

Hormones are chemical messengers that can give significant signals to regulate hunger, satiety, thirst, body temperature, or even body weight (Starka et al. 20201).

With the help of the hypothalamus, a control center in the brain, the hormone balance is significantly involved in keeping body functions in a healthy balance.

Hormone yoga focuses on the following glands or organs that secrete hormones:

  • Pituitary gland
  • Ovaries
  • Thyroid gland
  • Adrenal glands

The pituitary gland in the hypothalamus is essential, especially for menstrual cramps, but it also plays a critical role in menopause symptoms and stress. In particular, it communicates with the ovaries.

Low estrogen in the ovaries causes hot flashes, the most common symptom of menopause (Rapkin et al. 20072).

Thyroid hormones, on the other hand, regulate blood circulation, metabolism, muscle growth, and bone density (Shahid et al. 20223).

The adrenal glands produce the primary stress hormone, cortisol, instrumental in a healthy stress response (Owen et. al 19734).

The bottom line is that we get an effect that helps us cope with the significant challenges of menopause:

  • Slow metabolism
  • Muscle and bone loss
  • Hot flashes

In addition, hormone yoga improves cardiovascular function, reduces stress, and can even help improve sleep quality. This holistic approach is ideal for balancing the effects of modern Western lifestyles.

Is Hormone Yoga Only Good for Menopause?

No.

There are four main reasons for women to practice hormone yoga:

Hormone yoga targets women and their fertility hormones. Although this type of yoga was not made for men, it can still serve them as a mindfulness-based stress reduction method. I even practice some of these hormone yoga exercises daily.

Nevertheless, hormone yoga was invented for menopause. Therefore, hormone yoga is recommended from the age of 35.

Few women know that the initial hormonal changes of menopause begin in their 30s. Thirty-five years is the average age when estrogen and progesterone production starts to drop.

Hormone Yoga Health Benefits

While there are no dedicated studies on hormone yoga, there are countless on yoga, meditation, and breathing techniques.

Although the term hormone yoga is new, the techniques used to achieve it are not. Accordingly, hormone yoga is a sequence of exercises whose health benefits are provable.

The target groups mentioned above best explain the health benefits of hormone yoga.

women in hormone yoga class

Menopause Symptoms

For menopausal women, yoga has long ceased to be an insider tip. Extensive meta-analyses support this positive effect in post- and perimenopause.

According to these studies, yoga is a safe way to relieve vasomotor, urogenital, and psychological symptoms of menopause, such as depression and sleep disturbances. Participants reported an overall increase in their well-being (Cramer et al. 20185).

Yoga also significantly improves vascular, psychosocial, and physical symptoms of menopause in a brand-new double-blind controlled trial.

According to the researchers, one-year yoga practice is one of the preferred non-hormonal, lifestyle-modifying interventions for improving the quality of life of menopausal women (Swain et al. 20216).

Another study agrees with this conclusion, which states that yoga therapy can reduce hot flashes and night sweats. These researchers go even further, claiming that even short-term yoga practice can reduce psychological and physical risk factors for cardiovascular disease (Vaze et al. 20107).

Like intermittent fasting, yoga can help increase growth hormone secretion and counteract aging (Chatterjee et al. 20158).

Accordingly, yoga reduces the age-related risk of muscle and bone loss.

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

Yoga is more effective than endurance exercise for relieving PMS symptoms (Vaghela et al. 20199).

Researchers who followed the yoga trend in women suffering from PMS found that even short yoga sessions during the female cycle’s luteal phase improved alertness and well-being (Wu et al. 201510).

A yoga program designed explicitly for PMS symptoms significantly improved menstrual pain, physical fitness, and quality of life in non-athletic women (Yonglitthipagon et al. 201711).

Yoga also substantially affects depression symptoms and blood pressure, which is why it is used as a complementary or alternative remedy for PMS patients (Ghaffarilaleh et al. 201912).

The same researchers demonstrated that yoga significantly improved sleep efficiency in 62 women aged 20-45 years with PMS (Ghaffarilaleh et al. 201913).

Yoga interventions were likewise able to reduce menstrual cramps and menstrual distress in female college students with primary dysmenorrhea (Yang et al. 201614).

Psychological Stress

Yoga and meditation are the main pillars of mindfulness-based stress reduction techniques (MBSR).

And it is the stress hormone cortisol that limits metabolic functions and promotes the accumulation of abdominal fat (Rosmond et al. 199815).

The main idea behind mindfulness-based stress reduction is to live fully in the present moment through conscious, repetitive awareness exercises.

It is a lifestyle change aimed at escaping the millwheels of clock time.

According to studies, Shavasana, the meditative exercise we use in our hormone yoga flow for relaxation, can reverse the effects of stress (Bera et al. 199816).

A recent meta-analysis of 42 studies captured the effects of yoga exercise on physiological measures.

They significantly reduced cortisol levels, blood pressure, resting heart rate, heart rate variability, blood glucose, lipids, and LDL cholesterol (Pascoe et al. 201717).

In addition to releasing stress hormones, regular yoga may improve the body’s immune function, oxidative stress, and antioxidant levels (Lim et al. 201518).

Thus, yoga could also contribute to cancer prevention.

Researchers at the Alberta Cancer Board showed that meditation, yoga, and relaxation exercises benefit breast cancer patients. The poses reduced stress symptoms while improving sleep and quality of life (Carlson et al. 200419).

Infertility

Yoga is explicitly used for infertile women. Often, yoga practices are done supportively alongside other treatments. They can reduce patient stress and increase the success of treatments (Kirca et al. 201920).

For example, in one study, yoga was able to help overcome infertility by increasing the success rate of assisted reproductive technology (Darbandi et al. 201821).

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is often associated with infertility as well.

A holistic yoga program over 12 weeks was able to help PCOS patients regulate sex and fertility hormones, thereby improving menstrual frequency (Nidhi et al. 201322).

Best Hormone Yoga Poses for Menopause

I’ve been tinkering for days with my friend Julia, a trained yoga teacher, to integrate the best hormone yoga exercises into a coherent sequence for you.

The result is a sequence of yoga poses you can effortlessly perform since they are tailored to each other.

The ideal hormone yoga flow consists of three types of exercises:

  • Breathing
  • Poses
  • Relaxation

We start the hormone yoga flow with deep abdominal breathing, which is essential for the optimal execution of the following yoga exercises.

In turn, the poses are designed to increase in intensity and stretch step by step. In this way, one exercise ideally prepares you for the next.

The hormone yoga poses last about 12 minutes.

For the final relaxation, it is then up to you how much time you want to spend and how deeply you want to relax. It can last 3, 5, or even 10 minutes.

1. Full Yogic Breath (Dirgha Pranayama)

woman performing menopause hormone yoga exercise

Hormone yoga aims to channel (ayama) energy (prana) to specific glands and organs.

For this reason, Dirgha Pranayama, or three-part breath, forms the basis of our hormone yoga exercises.

  1. Starting position: Sit cross-legged on the mat and stretch your spine. Begin with long, slow, deep breaths through the nose.
  2. Lower lungs: Draw air deep into the lower lung, filling the abdomen. Release your belly like a balloon. Keep your breath calm and relaxed without straining it, and repeat the exercise ten times.
  3. Middle lungs: Repeat the previous step, but stretch the middle chest area by opening the chest out to the sides. Exhale and repeat the step ten times.
  4. Upper lungs: Now breathe by opening the upper chest as well. Exhale and repeat the step ten times.
  5. Entire lungs: Combine all three steps and use all three lung chambers (lower, middle, and upper) in a continuous or complete flow. Repeat the breathing ten times.

Since hormone yoga is a holistic practice, your immune system benefits from breathing and poses.

2. Simple Seated Twist (Parivrtta Sukhasana)

women doing a simpe seated twist

If you’re not used to twists, a simple seated twist is a perfect start:

Starting Position: Remain seated cross-legged (spine erect).

  1. Twist: Twist as you inhale, touching the mat with the fingers of your right hand behind your buttocks and placing your left hand on your right knee.
  2. Continue: Go deeper into the twist as you exhale, looking over your right shoulder.
  3. Hold: Hold the position for five breaths.
  4. Switch: Exhale as you return to the center and repeat for the other side.

The simple twist stretches the neck, chest, shoulders, upper back, and lower back.

This position relieves pain in the neck and upper back and menopausal symptoms, such as hot flashes, by stimulating estrogen production in the ovaries.

3. Cow / Cat (Bitilasana / Marjaryasana)

menopause hormone yoga pose cow
menopause hormone yoga pose cat

The following hormone yoga pose ties in with the simple twist by counteracting poor posture:

  1. Starting position: Get on all fours (knees hip-width, hands under shoulders).
  2. Cow: Inhale, lower the belly, and lift the head and tailbone.
  3. Cat: Exhale, lift mid-back while drawing chin to chest and lowering tailbone.
  4. Repeat: Do the exercises four more times, then return to a neutral spine.

Cat/Cow stretches the back, shoulders, abdominal muscles, and hip flexors while improving spinal mobility.

This position relieves menstrual cramps, stimulates the thyroid gland, and thus can improve metabolism and prevent osteoporosis.

4. Downward-Facing Dog (Adho Mukha Svanasana)

women performing menopause hormone yoga pose downward dog

Downward-facing dog is one of the best yoga poses for transition, not only in our hormone yoga flow:

  1. Starting position: stay on all fours (knees hip-width, hands under shoulders).
  2. Lift: Tighten your abs and tighten your toes as you lift your core off the mat. Only hands and feet remain on the yoga mat.
  3. Stretch: Extend your arms, gently moving your chest to your thighs and your heels to the floor. It’s okay if you need to bend your knees or your heels don’t come down.
  4. Hold: Remain in the position for ten breaths.

Downward-facing dog stretches the shoulders, hamstrings, calves, and arches of the feet and hands while strengthening the arms and legs.

This position relieves stress, headaches, insomnia, back pain, fatigue, osteoporosis and other menopausal symptoms, and flat feet and sciatica.

5. Low Lunge (Anjaneyasana)

women practicing low lunge pose

Deep lunge enhances the sense of balance and can be done directly from the downward-facing dog:

  1. Starting position: Downward-facing dog.
  2. Lunge: Place the right foot forward between your hands as you exhale.
  3. Stretch: Lower your left knee to the floor and push your foot back to feel a comfortable stretch in your hip and thigh.
  4. Raise arms: as you inhale, tighten the abdomen, lift the chest away from the thigh and bring the arms up next to the ears. Gently bend the upper body backward.
  5. Lower arms: as you exhale, lower the arms down and return to downward looking dog.
  6. Switch: Repeat the exercise with the left foot.

The deep lunge stretches the thighs, hamstrings, groin, and hips and increases abdominal flexibility.

The position relieves low sexual desire by improving blood flow to the abdomen. It also stimulates the thyroid gland, preventing osteoporosis and boosting metabolism.

6. Yogi Squat (Malasana)

menopause hormone yoga pose malasana

In our hormonal yoga sequence for menopause, the pose of youth or garland should not be missing at all:

  1. Starting position: Get into a squat by positioning your pelvis between your feet, which you leave on the mat.
  2. Press: Push your hands firmly together, as if in prayer, and your elbows against the inside of your thighs.
  3. Hold: Remain in the position for ten breaths.

The yogi squat stretches the torso’s ankles, groin, and back while toning the abdomen.

The deep squat relieves menstrual, menopause symptoms, and infertility by promoting blood flow to the abdomen, especially the uterus.

7. Head to Knee (Janu Sirsasana)

menopause hormone yoga pose head to knee

This popular yoga pose stimulates digestion and improves sleep quality:

  1. Starting position: begin seated in pole pose (legs straight out, spine long).
  2. Bend knee: Bend your left knee and bring the sole of your left foot to the inside of your left thigh (edge of foot on floor, heel in front of groin). The right leg remains extended.
  3. Bend over: Stretch the arms upward next to the ears with the inhale (fingertips toward the ceiling). Maintain length along the spine and bend forward over the extended leg as you exhale. Touch your hands to your right calf or foot.
  4. Approach: With each exhale, bring your head closer to your knee, step by step, until it touches it. Avoid rounding your spine as you do this. If you don’t get your head to your knee first, that’s okay.
  5. Hold: Remain in the position for ten breaths.
  6. Switch: Repeat the exercise with the other foot.

The head-to-the-knee posture stretches the spine, shoulders, hamstrings, and groin.

This position relieves fatigue, headaches, anxiety, depression, and other menopausal symptoms.

8. Bridge (Setu Bandha Sarvangasana)

menopause hormone yoga pose bridge

This bridge pose has the function of bringing body and mind together. It stimulates the thyroid gland and lymph nodes, which, among other things, promotes detoxification:

  1. Starting position: Lie comfortably on your back with your feet hip-width apart. Keep your thighs parallel to each other to protect your knee joints.
  2. Lift: Raise your buttocks and clasp your palms behind your back, shifting your weight to your feet and shoulders. Imagine your heels on the mat pulling toward your shoulders.
  3. Hold: Remain in the position for ten breaths. Then, as you exhale, slowly roll your spine back onto the mat.

The shoulder bridge stretches the chest, neck, and spine.

This position relieves stress, anxiety, fatigue, back pain, headaches, menstrual cramps, insomnia, osteoporosis, and other menopausal symptoms.

9. Shoulderstand (Salamba Sarvangasana)

menopause hormone yoga pose shoulderstand

Due to its many benefits for organs and glands, the shoulder stand is considered the queen of yoga postures:

  1. Starting position: Remain with your back on the mat (arms at your sides).
  2. Lift: As you exhale, press your upper arms into the floor and pull your legs toward your chest. Support your lower back with your hands. Keep the upper arms on the floor. Continue lifting the pelvis and back until they are directly above the shoulders and the spine is perpendicular to the floor. Ensure the weight is on the shoulders and upper arms, not the neck.
  3. Stretch: While inhaling, stretch the knees through. Keep your legs together and actively raise them, extending the balls of your feet and tailbone toward the ceiling.
  4. Hold: Remain in this position for ten breaths.
  5. Roll: Bend your knees as you exhale and remove your supporting arms as you roll onto the mat, vertebra by vertebra.

The shoulder stand stretches the shoulders and neck while toning the legs and buttocks.

This position relieves stress, fatigue, insomnia, depression, osteoporosis, and other menopausal symptoms.

10. Corpse (Shavasana)

menopause hormone yoga pose corpse

No hormonal yoga flow is complete without a final meditative relaxation:

  1. Starting position: Remain lying your back (arms slightly away from your torso, palms facing up).
  2. Breath: Let your breathing flow naturally. If your mind wanders, you can bring attention to the breath.
  3. Hold: Remain in this meditative final pose for five minutes.

The corpse pose relieves stress and high blood pressure.

It is one of the few hormonal yoga exercises to which studies have been devoted. They support that Shavasana helps to successfully reduce the physiological effects of stress (Sharma et al. 200723).

In a clinical study, researchers found that Shavasana is a natural alternative to antihypertensive drugs without sharing their side effects (Datey et al. 196924).

Hormone Yoga Benefits Are Great for Menopause

Although hormone yoga has an intimidating name, it has nothing to do with potentially dangerous hormone therapy.

Researchers suggest healthcare providers prescribe such lifestyle interventions first because they are safer than hormonal treatments (Lugo et al. 202225).

Moreover, hormone yoga uses exercises that women have successfully practiced for hundreds of years. Only the term hormone yoga is new.

Hormone yoga combines poses, breathing, meditation, and energy direction to stimulate glands and organs that regulate hormone balance. Women suffering from psychological stress, infertility, PMS, or menopause symptoms can benefit.

To learn how to regulate your hormonal system naturally without effort, read my brand new book:

Intermittent Fasting 16/8 for Women: Achieve Hormone Harmony to Lose Weight Fast Without Losing Your Mind – Incl. 30-Day Fasting Challenge and Meal Plan.

Menopause Yoga FAQ

What is the best yoga for menopause?

Hormone yoga therapy is best for menopause.

Which yoga is best for hormonal imbalance?

Hormone yoga is best for hormonal imbalances.

How can I fix my menopause hormones naturally?

You can regulate menopausal hormonal imbalance naturally with intermittent fasting, a ketogenic diet, and yoga.

Which Pranayama is good for menopause?

We use Dirgha Pranayama (Full Yogic Breath) in our hormone yoga flow tailored for menopause.

Studies â–¾

#1-9

1Stárka L, DuÅ¡ková M. What is a hormone?. Physiol Res. 2020 Sep 30;69(Suppl 2):S183-S185. doi: 10.33549/physiolres.934509. Review. PubMed PMID: 33094616; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8603735.

2Rapkin AJ. Vasomotor symptoms in menopause: physiologic condition and central nervous system approaches to treatment. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Feb;196(2):97-106. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2006.05.056. Review. PubMed PMID: 17306645.

3Shahid MA, Ashraf MA, Sharma S. Physiology, Thyroid Hormone. 2022 Jan;. PubMed PMID: 29763182.

4Owen OE, Cahill GF Jr. Metabolic effects of exogenous glucocorticoids in fasted man. J Clin Invest. 1973 Oct;52(10):2596-605. doi: 10.1172/JCI107452. PubMed PMID: 4729053; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC302520.

5Cramer H, Peng W, Lauche R. Yoga for menopausal symptoms-A systematic review and meta-analysis. Maturitas. 2018 Mar;109:13-25. doi: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2017.12.005. Epub 2017 Dec 6. Review. PubMed PMID: 29452777.

6Swain D, Nanda P, Das H. Impact of yoga intervention on menopausal symptoms-specific quality of life and changes in hormonal level among menopausal women. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2021 Oct;47(10):3669-3676. doi: 10.1111/jog.14939. Epub 2021 Jul 12. PubMed PMID: 34254406.

7Vaze N, Joshi S. Yoga and menopausal transition. J Midlife Health. 2010 Jul;1(2):56-8. doi: 10.4103/0976-7800.76212. PubMed PMID: 21716773; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3122509.

8Chatterjee S, Mondal S. Effect of regular yogic training on growth hormone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate as an endocrine marker of aging. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2014;2014:240581. doi: 10.1155/2014/240581. Epub 2014 May 8. PubMed PMID: 24899906; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4034508.

9Vaghela N, Mishra D, Sheth M, Dani VB. To compare the effects of aerobic exercise and yoga on Premenstrual syndrome. J Educ Health Promot. 2019;8:199. doi: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_50_19. eCollection 2019. PubMed PMID: 31867375; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6852652.

#10-17

10Wu WL, Lin TY, Chu IH, Liang JM. The acute effects of yoga on cognitive measures for women with premenstrual syndrome. J Altern Complement Med. 2015 Jun;21(6):364-9. doi: 10.1089/acm.2015.0070. Epub 2015 May 12. PubMed PMID: 25965108.

11Yonglitthipagon P, Muansiangsai S, Wongkhumngern W, Donpunha W, Chanavirut R, Siritaratiwat W, Mato L, Eungpinichpong W, Janyacharoen T. Effect of yoga on the menstrual pain, physical fitness, and quality of life of young women with primary dysmenorrhea. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2017 Oct;21(4):840-846. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.01.014. Epub 2017 Feb 7. PubMed PMID: 29037637.

12Ghaffarilaleh G, Ghaffarilaleh V, Sanamno Z, Kamalifard M. Yoga positively affected depression and blood pressure in women with premenstrual syndrome in a randomized controlled clinical trial. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2019 Feb;34:87-92. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2018.11.007. Epub 2018 Nov 9. PubMed PMID: 30712751.

13Ghaffarilaleh G, Ghaffarilaleh V, Sanamno Z, Kamalifard M, Alibaf L. Effects of Yoga on Quality of Sleep of Women With Premenstrual Syndrome. Altern Ther Health Med. 2019 Sep;25(5):40-47. PubMed PMID: 31221931.

14Yang NY, Kim SD. Effects of a Yoga Program on Menstrual Cramps and Menstrual Distress in Undergraduate Students with Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Single-Blind, Randomized Controlled Trial. J Altern Complement Med. 2016 Sep;22(9):732-8. doi: 10.1089/acm.2016.0058. Epub 2016 Jun 17. PubMed PMID: 27315239.

15Rosmond R, Dallman MF, Björntorp P. Stress-related cortisol secretion in men: relationships with abdominal obesity and endocrine, metabolic and hemodynamic abnormalities. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1998 Jun;83(6):1853-9. doi: 10.1210/jcem.83.6.4843. PubMed PMID: 9626108.

16Bera TK, Gore MM, Oak JP. Recovery from stress in two different postures and in Shavasana–a yogic relaxation posture. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 1998 Oct;42(4):473-8. PubMed PMID: 10874346.

17Pascoe MC, Thompson DR, Ski CF. Yoga, mindfulness-based stress reduction and stress-related physiological measures: A meta-analysis. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2017 Dec;86:152-168. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2017.08.008. Epub 2017 Aug 30. PubMed PMID: 28963884.

#18-25

18Lim SA, Cheong KJ. Regular Yoga Practice Improves Antioxidant Status, Immune Function, and Stress Hormone Releases in Young Healthy People: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled Pilot Study. J Altern Complement Med. 2015 Sep;21(9):530-8. doi: 10.1089/acm.2014.0044. Epub 2015 Jul 16. PubMed PMID: 26181573.

19Carlson LE, Speca M, Patel KD, Goodey E. Mindfulness-based stress reduction in relation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress and levels of cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and melatonin in breast and prostate cancer outpatients. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2004 May;29(4):448-74. doi: 10.1016/s0306-4530(03)00054-4. PubMed PMID: 14749092.

20Kirca N, Pasinlioglu T. The effect of yoga on stress level in infertile women. Perspect Psychiatr Care. 2019 Apr;55(2):319-327. doi: 10.1111/ppc.12352. Epub 2019 Jan 18. PubMed PMID: 30657179.

21Darbandi S, Darbandi M, Khorram Khorshid HR, Sadeghi MR. Yoga Can Improve Assisted Reproduction Technology Outcomes in Couples With Infertility. Altern Ther Health Med. 2018 Jul;24(4):50-55. Review. PubMed PMID: 29112941.

22Nidhi R, Padmalatha V, Nagarathna R, Amritanshu R. Effects of a holistic yoga program on endocrine parameters in adolescents with polycystic ovarian syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. J Altern Complement Med. 2013 Feb;19(2):153-60. doi: 10.1089/acm.2011.0868. Epub 2012 Jul 18. PubMed PMID: 22808940.

23Sharma G, Mahajan K, Sharma L. Shavasana—Relaxation technique to combat stress. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. 2007 Apr, 11: 173-180. 10.1016/j.jbmt.2007.01.002.

24Datey KK, Deshmukh SN, Dalvi CP, Vinekar SL. “Shavasan”: A yogic exercise in the management of hypertension. Angiology. 1969 Jun;20(6):325-33. doi: 10.1177/000331976902000602. PubMed PMID: 5789748.

25Lugo T, Tetrokalashvili M. Hot Flashes. 2022 Jan;. PubMed PMID: 30969649.

Leave a Reply