For many, pemmican is the ultimate survival food and hunter’s snack.
Due to its energizing effect, conformity with the ketogenic diet, and its long shelf life, North American Indians’ traditional food is enjoying great popularity again.
What Is Pemmican?
Pemmican is a traditional indigenous food in certain parts of North America. Also, the explorers of the Antarctic used it.
Accordingly, pemmican was used as a survival food when driving away from the main camp and camping at temperatures below zero.
It also has a reputation as a superfood among so-called preppers and survivalists.
Since pemmican consists of dried meat and fat only, I can understand this reputation and must take a closer look at it in this article.
Therefore, you can make pemmican with only two ingredients and without the need for sophisticated processes or equipment (see recipe).
What Does Pemmican Mean?
Pemmican consists of lean, dried meat – once bison or elk – which is ground into a powder and mixed with an equal amount of liquid fat, usually beef tallow.
Since it is a source of both essential macronutrients in a highly compressed and calorie-dense form, people can feed themselves ultimately on pemmican as survival food for long periods.
North American Indians invented pemmican.
For this reason, the word comes from the Cree word pimîhkân, which is derived from pimî, which means “grease or goo.”
Also, the Cree are the most widespread indigenous people in North America.
Their territory stretched from the USA’s Rocky Mountains over large parts of Canada to Quebec and the Atlantic Ocean, and even today, there are still about 135 tribes.
In the western world, the anthropologist, Arctic researcher, and nutritionist Vihljamur Stefansson spread the word and made pemmican famous (*).
Since Stefansson lived with the North American Inuit, he also ate like them.
And the zero-carb diet of the Inuit, which consisted almost exclusively of animal products, particularly fascinated him.
Although Western nutrition experts thought this was impossible, the Inuit enjoyed excellent health with strong muscles and lots of energy.
When the Inuits remained outside the camp, they could get by for weeks with nothing but pemmican to eat and snow to drink.
Since Stefansson could also exclusively live on pemmican, he could rule out genetic causes for the Inuit energy.
For this reason, he adopted the meat-only carnivore diet for a year after the expedition to study the long-term effects. According to the research reports, he remained in perfect health.
How Long Will Pemmican Last?
Provided the ingredients are dry – not moist – and the meat is prepared correctly, pemmican can last for decades if stored properly.
However, the fat in Pemmican can become rancid. If stored incorrectly, e.g. when exposed to air, heat, or sunlight, the fat can oxidize.
Also, high humidity during storage can cause moisture from the air to penetrate pemmican. And as soon as it gets damp, pemmican can spoil.
Hence, it’s essential to protect pemmican from oxygen and moisture.
So if you store Pemmican in a cool and dry place, you can expect it to last for years. However, to ensure that it is still in good condition, I would inspect the stock annually and replenish it if necessary.
Is Pemmican Healthy?
This traditional Pemmican recipe from North American Indians combines the two most easy digestible ingredients for our health: fat and animal proteins.
Therefore, traditional pemmican is a historical food, which is today more than ever of health importance.
Because the traditional recipe does not contain carbohydrates, it is ideal for ketogenic diets.
Moreover, it is keto-friendly, and you even can have it on a strict carnivore diet, often used to treat psychological problems based on intolerances.
Furthermore, homemade pemmican, made according to a traditional recipe, is an option for backpacking, hiking, trekking, or camping, as it does not spoil, crush or spill.
How to Make Pemmican
Making pemmican yourself takes time, but you wait for ingredients to dry or cook most of the time. When the ingredients are ready, you can prepare the dish in a few minutes.
Furthermore, the traditional Pemmican recipe below is just a base that you can customize. Accordingly, you can use other types of meat, such as venison or wild boar, and add extra spices.
You can use dried meat, unsweetened beef jerky, or make the meat for pemmican yourself.
How to Dry Meat for Pemmican
The traditional pemmican recipe uses lean buffalo meat. Also, caribou or venison have been used by the Indians of North America to make pemmican.
However, beef is also suitable for pemmican because it is affordable, widely available, and easy to make into powder. Any lean piece of meat is convenient, such as loin.
The meat should ideally be very lean, with little fat in the meat itself. On the one hand, this makes it easier to process. On the other hand, it allows for a more compact structure with a better shelf life.
However, what the piece of meat is like is not essential for the pemmican recipe. Therefore, you can get a piece of meat from your trusted butcher at a reasonable price that is not suitable for conventional dishes. To make pemmican, you have to blend the meat anyway.
Due to drying, you will need about two pounds of raw meat to make one pound of pemmican.
In a food dryer, the meat dries in about 12 hours. But even without special equipment, you can dry the meat for pemmican in the oven:
- Cut the raw meat into skinny strips (a sharpened kitchen knife is essential; freezing the meat can help too)
- Place the strips without folds or overlaps on a baking tray.
- Put it in the oven at about 150°F (65°C) for several hours (usually less than 12 hours)
As soon as the meat breaks, it is dried and now represents jerky. Although it is delicious, you should not eat it all at once because too little meat in pemmican is terrible for texture, taste, and shelf life.
What Does Pemmican Taste Like?
Pemmican is a high-calorie trekking snack that historically ensured survival.
The practicability and function of this emergency food was the main focus. Accordingly, its taste may take some getting used to the first time.
Nevertheless, there are various ways to give Pemmican a personal touch that tastes delicious.
If you add optional herbs and spices, you can create various flavors and even improve the texture.
Moreover, a wide variety of spice blends fit well in pemmican.
As a rule of thumb, spices that combine well with meat taste good in pemmican too. The following seasonings have already been tested in many places:
- Herbs a la Provence
- Garlic and onion
- Chili and peppers
- Cajun spice blends
- Italian spice blends
- Mexican spice blends
Also, many people use dried berries or honey for pemmican. However, you add a large amount of fructose in this way. In this case, you turn healthy pemmican into an average snack that is no longer suitable for keto.
- 250 grams dried meat or jerky from 1000 grams of raw beef, deer, or bison
- 250 grams tallow
- 2 tsp sea salt
- 1 tbsp spices optional
- Render the tallow slowly in a pot at low heat. The low heat ensures that the fat does not burn, which can ruin the pemmican. This process can take several hours.
- While the fat renders you can blend the dried meat and optional spices into powder.
- The ingredients should have a sawdust-like consistency so that they can now be mixed with salt in a large bowl.
- As soon as the tallow is rendered, it can be separated from impurities in the fat through a fine sieve.
- As long as the fat is no longer too hot, you can pour it over the dry ingredients and mix well. There should be just enough tallow to moisten all the meat.
- Pour the mixture into a shallow casserole dish and then place in the refrigerator to cool and set for a few hours.
- Afterward the pemmican can be cut into smaller pieces (bars or cubes). It be stored in an airtight container in a cool, dark place or in the freezer, where it will last even longer.
It Is Easy to Make Pemmican
Making traditional pemmican is ultimately less effort than it might seem.
The only important thing is that the liquid fat is at the right temperature. If it is too hot, it will harm the taste. When it is too cold and clumps together, it will damage the texture.
If you store pemmican in a cool and dry place, the survival food can last for years.
Nevertheless, pemmican is more of a useful energy source for extraordinary adventures than a casual snack.
That’s why it tastes nowhere better than in nature. Because of the natural healthy fat, you don’t have to pack butter if you bring pemmican.
How to Make Pemmican FAQ
What is pemmican?
Pemmican is a high-calorie meal of North American Indians, consisting mainly of dried meat and fat.
How can you make pemmican yourself?
You can make Pemmican yourself by blending dried meat and mixing it with liquid fat.
What is the shelf life of pemmican?
If properly prepared and stored, pemmican can last for decades.